Citigroup units to pay $180M to settle hedge fund-fraud charges

By Cate Chapman on August 17, 2015

citiTwo Citigroup affiliates agreed to pay almost $180 million to settle charges they defrauded investors in two crisis-era hedge funds by claiming they were safe, low-risk and suitable for traditional bond investors, the US Securities and Exchange Commission said.

Citigroup Global Markets Inc. and Citigroup Alternative Investments LLC agreed to bear all costs of distributing the payment to harmed investors in the funds, which crumbled and eventually collapsed during the financial crisis, but admitted no wrongdoing.

The affiliates made false and misleading representations to investors in the ASTA/MAT fund and the Falcon fund, which collectively raised nearly $3 billion in capital from approximately 4,000 investors before collapsing, an SEC investigation found.

Even as the funds began to collapse and CAI accepted nearly $110 million in additional investments, the Citigroup affiliates did not disclose the dire condition of the funds and continued to assure investors that they were low-risk, well-capitalized investments with adequate liquidity, the SEC said in an Aug. 17 press release.

The SEC also said that many of the misleading representations made by Citigroup employees were at odds with disclosures made in marketing documents and written materials provided to investors.

“Firms cannot insulate themselves from liability for their employees’ misrepresentations by invoking the fine print contained in written disclosures,” said Andrew Ceresney, Director of the SEC’s Enforcement Division.

According to the SEC’s order instituting a settled administrative proceeding:

  • The ASTA/MAT fund was a municipal arbitrage fund that purchased municipal bonds and used a Treasury or LIBOR swap to hedge interest rate risks.
  • The Falcon fund was a multi-strategy fund that invested in ASTA/MAT and other fixed income strategies, such as CDOs, CLOs, and asset-backed securities.
  • The funds, both highly leveraged, were sold exclusively to advisory clients of Citigroup Private Bank or Smith Barney by financial advisers associated with CGMI.  Both funds were managed by CAI.
  • Investors in these funds effectively paid advisory fees for two tiers of investment advice: first from the financial advisers of CGMI and secondly from the fund manager, CAI.
  • Neither Falcon nor ASTA/MAT was a low-risk investment akin to a bond alternative as investors were repeatedly told.
  • CGMI and CAI failed to control the misrepresentations made to investors as their employees minimized the significant risk of loss resulting from the funds’ investment strategy and use of leverage among other things.
  • CAI failed to adopt and implement policies and procedures that prevented the financial advisers and fund manager from making contradictory and false representations.

CGMI and CAI consented to the SEC order without admitting or denying the findings that both firms willfully violated Sections 17(a)(2) and (3) of the Securities Act of 1933, GCMI willfully violated Section 206(2) of the Investment Advisers Act of 1940, and CAI willfully violated Section 206(4) of the Advisers Act and Rules 206(4)-7 and 206(4)-8.  Both firms agreed to be censured and must cease and desist from committing future violations of these provisions.